About Sibsagar

Sibsagar is a historical town situated in Sibsagar district in Assam. The town is home to many monuments of the Ahom kings. Sibsagar is also one of the fast developing towns in Assam. Sibsagar literally means the "ocean of lord Shiva". It was earlier known as Rangpur.

The 200 year old Sibsagar tank is situated at the centre of the city. The three important temples situated on the banks of the Sibsagar tank are the Shivadol, Vishnudol, and the Devidol.

History of Sibsagar

Tourism in SibsagarThe history of Sibsagar traces back to olden times. The Ahoms ruled Assam for more than six hundred years. During the Ahom rule Sibsagar was once the capital of Assam. The Burmese annexed the region in the year 1819. The British took control of Sibsagar in the year 1819. Previously Sibsagar was known as Kalansupar because besides the Sibsagar tank there were villages of Kalansu Gohains.

The history of the city revolves around the 200-year old Sibsagar tank located at te heart of the city. The tank was excavated by Queen Madambika and named it Sibsagar after her husband Sivasingha. Queen Madambika in the year 1734 built three temples on the banks of the tank namely the Vishnudol, Shivadol and the Devidol. It is also said that queen Phuleswari self-declared herself as Gauri, the wife of Lord Shiva and excavated a tank and named it after her as Gaurisagar.During the rule of the Ahoms the place was called Rangpur but later the British renamed it as Sibsagar.

It is said that the Ahom kings used to dig tanks and name them as sagar. During the Ahom rule the place was called Rangpur. The British who latter came to the place gave the name of Sibsagar.

Another historical report says that queen Phuleswari self-declared herself as the wife of Lord Shiva and declared herself as Gauri. She excavated a tank and named it after her as Gaurisagar.

Birth of Rongpur

History of SibsagarKing Rudra Singha, the 30th Ahom ruler constructed the fourth capital of Ahom Kingdom at Meteka and christened it as Che-mon. Che-mon later came to be known as Rongpur. Rongpur remained the capital of Ahoms from 1699 to 1788. Rongpur was as a centre of amusement, army cantonment, court of law and secretariat.

The capital town of Rongpur was to the south of Dikhow River. The part located in the northern bank of the river was earlier known as Shivpur and later came to be known as Sibsagar and presently Sivasagar. Thus in the past Rangpur and Sivasagar were two different places being separated by the river Dikhow During those days the river used to flow through the middle part of the present day  Sivasagar town.

The Mughals in Sibsagar

The Mughals and the turks attacked Assam several times, during the historic six-century long Ahom rule. Especially from the year 1527 AD till 1682 AD , that is from the first battle between the Ahoms and Mughals during the rule of king Suhungmung to the last battle at Itakhuli  during the reign of Gadadhar Singha there were atleast 17 to 18 attacks. During each attack a host of Mughal prisoners stayed back in Assam. The prisoners in course of time established a good relation with the natives of the land and got domiciled. And a small portion of those muslims populations settled in Sibsagar.

During the reign of Maharana Pratap Singh (1603-1641 AD), Ajan Pir fakir, a muslim pilgrim used to stay at Sunpura and later in his name was constructed the Ajan Pir Dargah at Dikhowmukh.
Later, King Rudra Singha in order to construct the capital townat Rangpur, brought, Ghanashyam Khanikor and many other skilled architects and artisians. Thus in this way there was a continuous flow of Muslim people to Assam as well as Sibsagar since the later part of 16th Century.

The British Rule in Sibsagar

Until the end of Ahom rule in Assam, the name Shivpur esisted and it was on after the Treaty of Yandaboo in the year 1826 and with coming of the East India and company Rongpur along with Sivapur came to be known as Sibsagar. Sir Newville in the year 1818 AD the administrative head quarter from Rongpur to Jorhat and again after twenty years Mr. Scott Shifted the headquarter to Rongpur. Later Captain Broody shifted the headquarter to Sibsagar. The British ruled in Sibsagar till the independence. After the independence the state of Assam was formed and Sibsagar became a part of it.

During the rule of the British the district of Sibsagar consists of three rule divisions Jorhat, Sibsagar and Golaghat. In the year 1912 the district headquarters was again shifted to Jorhat and Sibsagar was only a sub-divisional headquater. It remained so till the year 1983 when on 31st July in the same year the Government of Assam declared Golaghat and Sibsagar sub-divisions as two new districts of undivided Sibsagar district.

Present day Sibsagar

History of Sibsagar

Sibsagar, down the ages, has become a progressive and is also the headquarters of the district of Sibsagar. Today, Sibsagar is an important centre of tea and oil trading. The remains of the Ahom rule still give Sibsagar its grandeur.

Demography of Sibsagar

The total population of Sibsagar is 53,854 according to 2001 census. Male population is 56% and female population is 44%. The average literacy rate is 81%. Male literacy is 83% and female literacy is 79 %.

Geography of Sibsagar

The City of Sibsagar falls under the Sibsagar district. The district is mostly surrounded by hillocks on South-eastern and Southern areas near Nagaland border.

Sibsagar is located in Upper Assam of Brahmaputra valley. Sibsagar is bounded by Dibrugarh in the East, Jorhat in the west; Bramhaputra in the North and boundaries of Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland in the South. The mighty Brahmaputra flows on the northern side of Sibsagar. The major rivers in Sibsagar are Dikhow, Desang, Darika, Demow and Janji.

geography of Sibsagar

Vegetation in Sibsagar

Evergreen, Deciduous and Semi-Evergreen type of forest are found in Sibsagar. The common plants found here are Gamari (Gmelina arborea),Sal (Shorea robusta), Simul (Bombax malabaricum), Champa (Dipterocarpus turbinatus), Titachampa (Michelia Champaea),Bonsom (Phobe goalparensis), Agaru (Aquilaria agallocha), Sonaru (Cassia fistula), Bel, Ajhar, Jamun, Madhuri, Mango, Coconut, Bamboo, Bettle-nut, Banana and  Neem.

Sibsagar is also rich in various rare medicinal plants like Saru Manimuni (Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides), Jaluk (Piper nigrum), Bor Manimuni (Centella asiatica), Bhimraj (Piper longum), Matikaduri {Alternanthera sessile L.), Tejmui (Zanthoxylum nitidum), Punonowa (Boerhaavia Diffusa L.), Chal konwari (Aloe Vera Tourn), Laijabori (Drymaria cordeta Nees.), Drunban (Leucus aspera Spring, of Lamiaceae), Salkuwari (Aloevera tournex L.), Brahmisak ( Herpestis monnieria Pennel. of Scrophulariaceae) etc.

Climate in Sibsagar

Sibsagar has a semi-tropical climatic condition. The weather remains mild and moderate throughout the year. Summer in Sibsagar starts from March and lasts till July. Summer is characterised by high humidity. The temperature in summer ranges from 15-28 degrees. The maximum temperature can be around 35 degrees.

During monsoon the city records heavy rainfall. Thunderstorms are very frequent in monsoon. Winter is not very cold and remains temperate. Winter starts from November and lasts till February. The temperature is around 7-18 degrees in winter.

Average temperature in Sibsagar

  • Jan:  (Max temp: 23.6) (Min Temp: 10)
  • Feb: (Max temp:  24) (Min Temp: 13)
  • March: (Max temp: 26) (Min Temp: 18)
  • April: (Max temp: 28) (Min Temp: 19)
  • May: (Max temp: 30) (Min Temp: 22)
  • June: (Max temp: 31.4) (Min Temp: 24.7)
  • July: (Max temp: 31) (Min Temp: 25)
  • Aug: (Max temp: 32) (Min Temp: 25)
  • Sep: (Max temp: 31) (Min Temp: 24)
  • Oct: (Max temp: 30) (Min Temp: 21)
  • Nov: (Max temp: 27) (Min Temp: 16)
  • Dec: (Max temp: 25) (Min Temp: 11)

Culture of Sibsagar

The city of sibsagar is rich is art and culture. The people here are very much fond of dance and music. The people celebrate various festivals. Bihu is the most important festival celebrated by the people in Sibsagar. Other festivals celebrated by the people includes Durgapuja, Idd, Maharam,Ali -I-Legang, Medam-Me - Fi, Christmas, New year, Holi and Diwali.

Sibsagar Facts and Figures

Geographical Area: 2,668 km2
Altitude: 95m above sea level
Latitude: 26.98 degrees N
Longitude:  94.63°E degrees E
Population (2001): 1,150,253 lakhs.
Average Temperature:  35 degrees C (Max), 18degrees C (Min)
Languages:  Assamese, Hindi,Bengali,  English
Religions:   Hinduism, Islam and Christianity
Best time to visit: Throughout the year
STD Code:  03772

Administration of Sibsagar

Sibsagar is the district headquarters of the district of Sibsagar. The deputy commissioner is the head of the district administration.  Shri SS Meenaksahi Sundaram is the present deputy commissioner of Sibsagar. Elected bodies like state assembly, municipality, judiciary are constituted for proper implementation and management of developmental schemes.

Contact details
Deputy Commissioner, Sibsagar
Shri SS Meenaksahi Sundaram
Phone no: 222137 (O), 222138 (R)

Sibsagar Judiciary

Sibsagar Administration

Sri G.S. Basumatari was the first District & Sessions Judge of Sibsagar. On 8th August, 1984, the court of Sub-Divisional Judicial Magistrate, Charaideo, Sonari was first time inaugurated by Hon’ble Chief Justice H. Lahiri of Gauhati High Court. In the year of 1983 the Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate with the office was established and Sri R.K. Sarma was the first Judicial Magistrate. Hon’ble Chief Justice H. Lahiri of Gauhati High Court inaugurated the court of District & Sessions Judge of Sivasagar on April 16th, 1985.

Important names in Sibsagar Judiciary

Sri Susil Kumar Sarma
District  and Sessions Judge

Sri Aditya Hazarika
Addl. District & Sessions Judge

Sri Abu Saleh Badruddza Laskar
Civil Judge & Asstt. Sessions Judge

Smti. Arunima Deka
Chief Judicial Magistrate

Contact details:

Office of the District & Sessions Judge: 03772-222146
Office of the Chief Judicial Magistrate: 03772-222153

Sibsagar Legislative Assembly

Sibsagar is a part of the Jorhat Lok Sabha Constituency. Mentioned below is the details on Sibsagar administration:

Seats in Legislative Assembly

  • Sibsagar
  • Amguri
  • Sonari
  • Mahmara
  • Nazira
  • Thawra

Blocks  in Sibsagar

  • Sonari
  • Sibsagar
  • Gauri sagar
  • Demow
  • Nazira
  • Lakwa
  • Amguri

Important names in Assam Government

Governor of Assam
Shri Janaki Ballav Patnaik

Chief Minister ofAssam
Shri.Tarun Gogoi

Hon’ble Speaker
Shri Pranab Gogoi

Chief Secretary, Assam
Shri Jitesh Khosla

Economy of Sibsagar

Sibsagar is one of the primary business hubs of the state of Assam. Majority of the people of Sibsagar depends on agriculture. Sibsagar is also a good producer of Assam tea. There are number of tea gardens in Sibsagar. The district of Sibsagar is also rich in Oil. Tea gardens and oil fields forms an integral part of the economy of Sibsagar.

Oil fields and tea gardens are the main source of economy of Sibsagar. There are many oil fields located at Lakowa, Geleki and Gaurisagar. ONGC forms an integral part of Sibsagar’s economy. Agriculture is the major source of livelihood of people.

Tourism sector is another sector that contributes to the economy of Sibsagar. Some of the sectors that contribute to the economy of Sibsagar are mentioned below:

Sibsagar is one of the fast developing towns of Assam. It is a leading centre for tea and oil production. One remarkable feature of its oil production is that Sibsagar has the highest number of oil fields in Assam.

Agriculture in Sibsagar

Industry in Sibsagar

The economy of Sibsagar is mostly agrarian. Paddy is the primary cultivation in Sibsagar followed by potato, wheat, mustard, sugar cane and pulses. Other vegetables are, chilies, cabbage, beans, brinjal, onion,tomato, peas, radish, carrot, turnip, mushroom, cauliflower, potato, courgette (Tiynah), sweet potato etc. Fruits that are cultivated are pineapple,lemons, papaya, orange, guava, banana, mango,  lime, pomegranate (Dalim), peach (Bagari),  Starfruit (Kardoi),lychee, passion fruit (Paniol) etc.

Sericulture in Sibsagar

Sericulture is also one of the important industries in Sibsagar that contributes to the state’s economy. Sibsagar contributes 22 per cent of the total muga production in Assam. Muga is obtained from silk worm called Aantheraea asamenisis that are primarily found on two trees Soalu (Litsaea Polyantha) and Som (Machilus bombycina). Sibsagar has total 14 gardens of Som trees and 13 muga rearing farms and 10 yarning centres. Assam is the largest Eri silk producer contributing 63% of the total production followed by Nagaland, Meghalaya and Manipur.according to the official report the annual annual eri production in Sibsagar was 46.000 kg in 2010-11.

Industries in Sibsagar

Industry in Sibsagar

The district of Sibsagar is popular for oil and tea industry. These two industries also contribute to the economy of Sibsagar. The Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC) of Assam is at Nazira in Sibsagar, The ONGC contributes 72% of India’s total production of crude oil and 48% of natural gas.

Nazira was also the head quarter of the most famous Assam Tea Company. There are about 119 tea estates in Sibsagar covering the area of 88008 hectares land and 4004 small tea growers and 80 registered small tea growers that covers an area of 5356 hectares of land.

Other small scale industries in Sibsagar bamboo craft, ready-made garment, wooden furniture, food processing, weaving and embroidery. The khadi and village industries are cotton, khadi, silk, eri and muga weaving centers.

Tourism in Sibsagar

The city of Sibsagar has a lot to offer to tourists. Sibsagar is home to many historical sites and monuments belonging to Ahom era which include Kareng ghar, Rang ghar, Talatal ghar. There are also many tanks of historical importance located in Sibsagar which includes the 200 year old Sibsagar tank, Joysagar tank, Rudra sagar tank and the Gaurisagar tank. Sibsagar is also the homSibsagar Overviewe of three most popular temples namely Vishnudol, Shivadol and the Devidol. Other important tourist spotsin Sibsagar includes the Tai Ahom museum, Disang Mukh, Bor Xil and the Panidihing Bird Sanctuary.

Transportation in Sibsagar

Sibsagar is well connected by rail, air road network. Sibsagar does not have an airport of its own, the The nearest airlink to Sibsagar is Rowriah airport at Jorhat. The Simaluguri junction is the nearest railway station to Sibsagar located at a distance of 16 km. Regular taxi and bus service are available to Sibsagar from Dibrugarh, Guwahati and Jorhat. Taxis and and auto rickshaws are easily available to move within the town.

Entertainment in Sibsagar

Sibsagar is full of life with some of the best cinema halls, theatre, restaurants, dance and musical shows and lots more. Sibsagar has all the entertainment facilities for the tourist by which they can relax and find fun.

Cinema in Sibsagar

Cinema is one of the major sources of entertainment for the people of Sibsagar. With some of the good cinema halls in Sibsagar the people in Sibsagar can now visit these movie halls to watch their most awaited movies. Cinema halls located in Sibsagar are Sri laxmi Talkies, Jewti cinema, Bhaskar cinema.

Cinema halls in Sibsagar

Jewti Cinema
03772-252129, 09435159433
Simalu Guri, Sivasagar : 785640

Shree Lakshmi Talkies
Deen Dayal Khemka Path,
Sivasagar: 785640
03772-222226, 09435056683   

Bhaskar Jyoti Cinema Hall
AT Rd, Bhatiapar
Phone: 08011640106

Entertainment in Sibsagar

Theater in Sibsagar

Sibsagar comprises of urban and rural population. Theatre is still the most important source of entertainment for the rural people here. Bhaona is a traditional form of Assamese entertainment is very much practiced in Sibsagar. The theme of Bhaona is normally based on religion.

Dance  and Music in Sibsagar

Dance and music are also a major source of entertainment for the people of Assam. The tourist will be surely mesmerized by the dance and music of Assam. The most important dance of Assam is the Bihu dance, which is performed with much pomp and fanfare in Sibsagar.

Shopping in Sibsagar

Shopping is also a favorite activity and also a major source of entertainment and relaxation for the people. Sibsagar also has a lot of shopping places. Exquisite silk, cane and bamboo products can be found in the markets in Sibsagar. Tourists can also buy some of the finest traditional jewellery from the markets in Sibsagar. The most important market places in Sibsagar are Station Chariali market, Central market, Krishak bazaar and Rajmai market.
    Free Listing